Emergency Medical Technicians, or EMTs, are trained to provide first-aid treatment and emergency care for sick or injured patients, and to transport them to a nearby hospital.
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EMTs work in hospitals, police, fire and public service departments, or they are employed by rescue squad or private ambulance services. EMTs are dispatched to assist in stabilizing a person who is injured or sick. They are trained to drive specially equipped emergency vehicles, to determine the nature and extent of an illness or injury, and to perform emergency first aid procedures, such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), administering oxygen or an intravenous (IV) line, bandaging wounds and abrasions, immobilizing broken bones, and moving a person into the emergency vehicle or helicopter. EMTs often work in teams of two, allowing one EMT to operate the emergency vehicle and the other EMT to monitor the patient's vital signs. An EMT's job is physically demanding, and can be stressful — especially when dealing with life or death situations. However, many people find the job challenging and rewarding. An EMT's work hours are often irregular because emergencies occur 24 hours a day. An EMT's work hours can range from 42 - 56 hours a week. Some EMTs may be on call for extended periods.
High school students should study health, driver education, and the sciences. A high school diploma or equivalent is required. EMTs require formal training which is usually offered by police, fire and health departments, hospitals, or as a non-degree course at a technical college or community college. There are three levels of formal training:
EMT-Basic training usually includes 140 hours of classroom plus 10 hours internship in a hospital emergency department. Upon completion of EMT Basic training, graduates can earn the title "Registered EMT-Basic" after passing an approved state examination.
EMT-Intermediate includes approximately 120 hours of instruction. This also requires EMT-Basic training as well as some clinical experience and a field internship.
EMT-Paramedics require between 1,000 and 1,400 hours of training. Individuals must be certified or registered as an EMT-Basic, complete an EMT paramedic training program and pass a written and practical examination to become certified as an EMT-Paramedic.
Certification is not required, however, it may provide better opportunities to those seeking employment in the field.
Blackhawk Technical College
Chippewa Valley Technical College
Fox Valley Technical College
Gateway Technical College
Lakeshore Technical College
Madison Area Technical College
Mid-State Technical College
Milwaukee Area Technical College
Moraine Park Technical College - West Bend
Moraine Park Technical College - Beaver Dam
Moraine Park Technical College - Fond du Lac
Nicolet Area Technical College
Northcentral Technical College
Northeast Wisconsin Technical College
Southwest Wisconsin Technical College
Waukesha County Technical College
Western Technical College
Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College - Ashland
Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College - New Richmond
Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College - Rice Lake
Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College - Superior
National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians
PO Box 1400
Clinton, MS, 39060-1400
601/924-7744 or 800/34-NAEMT
National Association of EMS Physicians
PO Box 19570
Lenexa, KS, 66285
913/895-4611 or 800/228-3677
National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians
6610 Busch Blvd.
PO Box 29233
Columbus, OH, 43229
Professional Ambulance Association of Wisconsin
922 South Park St.
Madison, WI, 53715
Wisconsin Emergency Medical Services
1 West Wilson Street
Madison, WI, 53703
608-266-1865 or 608-261-6870
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