Veterinarians provide medical diagnoses and treatments for pets, livestock and other animals. They are trained to examine animals for disease and injury, perform surgery, prescribe medicines and vaccinations, and treat wounds and broken bones. Veterinarians advise animal owners about proper care and breeding to keep their animals healthy. They may specialize in a particular area of care.
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Veterinarians that study various aspects of disease, structure, form and function of animals are divided into the following categories: anatomist, microbiologists, epidemiologist, parasitologist, pathologist, pharmacologist, toxicologist and physiologist. Specialization titles may include:
Veterinarian – Poultry
Veterinary Livestock Inspector
Veterinary Virus – Serum Inspector
Veterinary Meat Inspector
Veterinarians are usually in private practice, although some are employed by government agencies, private industries, medical colleges and universities, zoos, research laboratories, public health agencies and pharmaceutical companies. Veterinarians may have a general practice which treats all types of animals or more selective practices which treat pets such as dogs, cats and birds – or livestock animals such horses and cattle. Veterinarians usually have the ability to calm animals and get along with animal owners.
High school students should study mathematics, biology, chemistry and related courses. It is recommended that students complete at least 2 years of pre-veterinary study, although most have completed a 4-year undergraduate degree before applying to an accredited veterinary school. Admission into a 4-year veterinary program is competitive and applicants must have experience working with animals and take the Veterinary Aptitude Test, Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) or Graduate Record Examination. Course work in the program includes classroom and clinical and laboratory experience. Graduates receive a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree (DVM or VMD) from an accredited college and must pass a state board examination to become licensed.
University of Wisconsin - Madison
Cardinal Stritch University
Mount Mary College
St. Norbert College
University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire
University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
University of Wisconsin - La Crosse
University of WIsconsin - Milwaukee
University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh
University of Wisconsin - Parkside
University of Wisconsin - Platteville
University of Wisconsin - River Falls
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point
University of Wisconsin - Superior
University of Wisconsin - Whitewater
American Association for Laboratory Animal Science
9190 Crestwyn Hills Dr.
Memphis, TN, 38125
American Veterinary Medical Association
1931 N. Meacham Road, Suite 100
Schaumburg, IL, 60173-4360
800/248-2862 or 800/321-1473 or 847/925-8070
Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges
1101 Vermont Ave. NW, Suite 301
Washington, DC, 20005
United States Animal Health Association
4221 Mitchell Ave.
St. Joseph, MO, 64507
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