Emergency Medical Technician - Basic (EMT-1/EMT-B/EMTS)
- Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT) provide emergency medical care
to the sick or injured at the scene and en route to the hospital. They
assess many varying emergency situations and determine what care is
needed and provide that care.
- They maintain contact with the hospital emergency room
physicians who prescribe drugs and/or medical procedures that EMTs
administer to patients while en route to the nearest ER.
- When arriving they transport patients to the emergency
department, and report their observations and actions to hospital staff.
Afterward, they restock supplies, check equipment, and decontaminate
the vehicle if disease was present.
- Some must be able to safely drive ambulances through traffic to get people to hospitals as quickly as possible.
- Beyond general duties, there are four levels of qualifications
for further duties: First Responder, EMT-Basic,
EMT-Intermediate/Intermediate Technician, and EMT-Paramedic. Some
states, however, do their own Certification and use different rating
scales to determine proficiency.
- Medical First Responder – Entry level, very basic emergency
medical care. Many firefighters, police officer, and business/industry
utilize this level therefore we will not deal here with this basic
- EMT-Basic – Trained to care for patients on accident scenes and
on transport by ambulance to the hospital. They have skills to assess a
patient’s condition and manage breathing, heart, and trauma
emergencies. Potential occupations include EMT-Basic, Ambulance
Attendant and Firefighter.
- EMT-Intermediate Technician – Will be able to initiate
intravenous (IV) therapy, administer select medications approved by DHFS
and local medical directors via intravenous, intramuscular,
subcutaneous, sublingual and inhalation routes. (See Intermediate
- EMT-Intermediate – Has more advanced training that allows
dealing with cardiac problems using advanced invasive skills including
advanced airways, cardiac rhythm interpretation, and medication
intervention. (See Intermediate Technician/EMT-Intermediate)
- EMT-Paramedic – They provide the most extensive pre-hospital
care and techniques for advanced level private and municipal ambulance
- All levels work in hospitals, police, fire and public services
departments, or are employed by rescue squads or private ambulance
services. (See Paramedic)
- EMTs like helping people during emergencies. They take pride in efficiently handling serious medical situations.
- They must be able to work as a member of a team. Must be able to work without direct supervision.
- Their work can be stressful. Not for people who lose control
during a crisis. Courage, dedication and assertiveness are assets.
- Many work rotating shifts, weekends, and holidays.
- EMTs work both indoors and outdoors, in all types of weather, under adverse conditions.
- 80% of EMTs in Wisconsin are paid on a per call basis. Some EMTs are volunteers.