Physicians may choose to pursue a career in primary care (family
medicine, general internal medicine, or general pediatrics) or may
choose to train more intensely in one of the medical subspecialties as a
surgeon or in one of several other fields. Some of these fields are
- Allergy and immunology - immunization specialist.
- Anesthesiology - giving anesthesia for surgical procedures.
- Cardiology – study of the structure, function, disorders and treatment of the heart.
- Dermatology – the study of diseases of the skin.
- Family Practice Medicine – the study of general, comprehensive health care for patients of all ages and genders.
- Forensic Pathology – the study of tissues and body fluids to determine the cause of sudden, questionable, or unexpected death.
- Gerontology – study of the aging process, and health and diseases of the elderly.
- Gynecology – the study of diseases and disorders affecting the female reproductive organs.
- Internal medicine – study of the diagnosis and treatment (non-surgical) of diseases of the internal organs.
- Neonatology – treatment of diseases and care of newborn infants.
- Nephrology – study of the functions and diseases of the kidneys.
- Neurology – the study of the nervous system and the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries that affect it.
- Neuropathology – the study of diseases of the nervous system.
- Neurosurgery – nervous system surgery.
- Nuclear Medicine - radioactivity used in disease diagnosis Obstetrics –
the study of pregnancy, childbirth and associated functions.
- Ophthalmology – the study of the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases and injuries.
- Orthopedics – the study of correction and prevention of injuries and disorders of muscles, joints and ligaments.
- Otolaryngology – the study of the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries of the ear, nose and throat.
- Pathology – the study and diagnosis of health problems by examining body fluids, tissue and secretions.
- Pediatric – the treatment of injuries, illness and diseases of infants and children.
- Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - rehabilitation of people who have
suffered from stroke, heart attack, spinal chord injury, or similar
- Plastic Surgery – corrective and cosmetic surgery.
- Preventive Medicine – disease prevention.
- Psychiatry – the study of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental and emotional disorders.
- Radiology – the study of X-rays and radioactive substances to examine
the structure and function of the human body and to diagnose and treat
- Surgery – using manual or surgical instruments to treat injuries, illness and conditions of the human body.
- Urology – the study of disease and disorders of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs.
- Physicians provide the services of prevention, diagnosis and
treatment to individuals suffering from physical ailments or mental
illness, injuries, or diseases.
- Physicians work in variety of settings including private
offices, hospitals, clinics, research facilities, laboratories,
government agencies, public health or home healthcare agencies,
colleges, or universities.
- They are trained to properly examine patients and their medical
history, assess the patient's needs, and then perform and evaluate
diagnostic tests and appropriate treatment(s).
- Becoming a physician takes many years of schooling followed by many years of training called Residencies and Fellowships.
- Being accepted into medical school is VERY competitive and
requires excellent grades and national test scores (MCAT-Medical College
Admission Test) that are at certain levels for specific schools.
- A physician’s work can be emotionally and physically demanding, but also challenging and rewarding.
- Physicians usually enjoy a respected position in their community along with higher salaries.