Registered Nurse (RN)
Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN), Bachelor of Science Degree in Nursing (BSN)
Nurses can specialize in their area of practice which include hospital,
home, academic, government, business, industry, medical service, and
the community at large. Nurses can obtain on-going education through
masters degree or doctorate degree preparation.
- Infection Control Nurse - distributes information to hospital
personnel on communicable diseases and coordinates hospital infection
- Community Health Nurse - applies nursing skills in the
community by instructing individuals and families about health education
and disease prevention.
- Public Health Nurse -- applies knowledge from nursing, social
science and public health to promote and protect the health of
individuals, families and communities. (See also "Public Health
School Nurse -- contributes to the development of health plans and
school health programs to protect and promote the health of students and
persons who work with students.
- Correctional/Jail Health Nurse -- contributes to the
development of health plans and programs to protect and promote the
health of inmates and persons who work with inmates.
- Occupational Health Nurse - applies nursing skills in the work environment by caring for and offering education to employees.
- Nurse Practitioner - gives general care and treatment to
patients and consults with physician on patient care. May specialize in
particular area such as neonatal care.
- Nurse Midwife - delivers babies and gives medical care and treatment to pregnant mothers under supervision of an obstetrician.
- Nurse Anesthetist - administers anesthetics to patients as prescribed by an anesthesiologist.
- Nursing is a dynamic interpersonal goal-directed process that seeks
to promote optimal health within the context of individuals, family,
community and society. The Registered Nurse (RN) is educated to provide
care to all individuals or groups that are sick or healthy. RNs help
coordinate a patient’s care through patient education.
- A Registered Nurse (RN) can be either an ADN (2-year) or a BSN (4-5 year)
- RNs perform numerous duties including observing and assessing
patients’ health and provide for patients physical, mental, and
emotional needs. They are educated to perform a variety of clinical
tasks, develop and carry out a patient’s plan of care, and educate
patients on getting and staying healthy.
- Nursing uses the nursing process, a problem solving approach to provide holistic care.
- Nurses may work in a specific area including surgery,
maternity, pediatrics, geriatrics, emergency room, intensive care,
orthopedics or psychiatry. Specialty nursing areas may require
additional training or education.
- Nurses’ jobs are physically and emotionally challenging. They
need to be physically active and able to provide patients with assurance
and the time for listening to their needs.
- Registered Nurses work in many different settings. These
include offices, hospitals, nursing homes, long-term care centers,
factories, fitness centers, and private homes. They also work for
community and public health agencies and schools.
- Registered Nurses must get a great deal of personal satisfaction out of working with and helping people.
- They have many different kinds of job opportunities, increasing
pay and benefits, and the opportunity to work flexible hours to meet
family and personal needs.
- There are also many career paths and opportunities for advancement.
- Sometimes they dislike the pressure of the work, especially in emergency situations.
- Nurses may also feel that they have more work responsibilities than their schedules allow them to complete.