University of Wisconsin–Madison

Phlebotomist/Phlebotomy Technicians (PBT)

Work Activities/Work Locations

  • Phlebotomists are trained in the collection of blood specimens by venipuncture, skin puntures, and arterial punctures. Also trained to apply tourniquets, locate veins and insert needles to draw blood.
  • Usually supervised by a Medical Technologist.
  • Can converse with patients and donors to reduce fear of the procedure, as well as screen blood donors regarding their medications, drug use, and sexual activities.
  • Work in hospital laboratories, private laboratories, clinics, large medical offices, outpatient services, or blood banks.

Advantages and Disadvantages

  • Enjoy working with people.
  • Can worry about contracting blood-borne and infectious diseases.

Getting Started

  • High School Courses
    • Students should take a general high school curriculum.
    • Helpful high school courses would include anatomy & physiology, math, Health and Fitness, and Medical Terminology.
    • Shadowing a Phlebotomist is strongly recommended.
  • Education and Training
    • Technical Diploma/Certificate programs offered at many Technical Colleges.
    • Northcentral Technical College (NTC) has an 8-9-credit Technical Certificate program that includes a 100-hour clinical experience. Program is NAACLS accredited.
    • Mid-State Technical College (MSTC) affiliated with Marshfield Labs has a Technical Diploma program offered at the Marshfield and Stevens Point campuses. The program is a 14-credit preparatory semester at MSTC including Applied Microsoft Office for Health, Medical Terminology, Lab Techniques, Human Body in Health and Disease, and Medical Law. This is followed by a 3-credit theory course and a 5-credit practicum at area healthcare agencies. NAACLS accredited.
    • Many enroll in the Associate Degree (2-yr) Clinical Laboratory Technician and supplement with the Phlebotomy Certificate.

    Educational Institutions

    Blackhawk Technical College
    Chippewa Valley Technical College
    Lakeshore Technical College
    Madison Area Technical College
    Mid-State Technical College
    Milwaukee Area Technical College
    Moraine Park Technical College – Fond du Lac
    Nicolet Area Technical College
    Northcentral Technical College
    Northeast Wisconsin Technical College
    University of Wisconsin – Marshfield
    Waukesha County Technical College 
    Western Technical College

    Affiliated Clinical Laboratory Programs

    Marshfield Labs, Marshfield

  • Method of Entry
    • Completion of accredited Phlebotomy program AND successful completion of the American Society of Clinical Pathologist (ASCP) examination.
    • To be eligible for the ASCP examination, one must satisfy requirements one of six routes.
    • ONE, high school graduation (or equivalent) AND completion of a National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS) approved phlebotomy program within the last 5 years.
    • Or TWO, high school graduation (or equivalent) AND completion of an acceptable two-part formal structured phlebotomy program in the US, Canada or a CAP/The Joint Commission (JCAHO) accredited laboratory within the last 5 years. The two-part program, to be arranged by program director, must consist of specific classroom training AND 100 clock hours of specific lab experience.
    • Or THREE, high school graduation (or equivalent) AND completion of one year full time acceptable experience as a phlebotomy technician in a CLIA regulated lab within the last 5 years. Must have specific procedure experience.
    • Or FOUR, high school graduation (or equivalent) AND successful completion of RN, LPN or other allied health professional/occupational education which includes phlebotomy training and orientation in a CLIA regulated, accredited laboratory with a minimum performance of 100 successful unaided blood collections including venipunctures and skin punctures.
    • Or FIVE, MT(ASCP) or MLT(ASCP) certification.
    • Or SIX, DPT(ASCP) certification AND a minimum performance of 100 successful unaided blood collections including venipunctures and skin punctures.
  • Professional Organizations

     

    American Medical Technologists
    10700 West Higgins Rd., Suite 150
    Rosemont, IL, 60018
    847/823-5169
    https://www.americanmedtech.org

    American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science (ASCLS)
    1861 International Drive, Suite 200
    McLean, VA, 22102
    571/748-3770
    www.ascls.org

    American Society for Clinical Pathology
    33 West Monroe, Suite 1600
    Chicago, IL, 60603
    312/541-4999 or 800/267-2727 (ASCP)
    www.ascp.org

    National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences
    5600 N. River Rd., Suite 720
    Rosemont, IL, 60018-5119
    773/714-8880 or 847/939-3597
    www.naacls.org

Career Outlook

Number Employed in 2014 (Wisconsin): 2,280
Number Employed in 2014 (U.S.): 591,300
Expected Employment in 2024 (U.S.): 730,200
Percent Employment Growth (2014-2024): 24%
Expected Annual Openings: 26,210
Median Salary in 2014 (Wisconsin): $30,983

Salary information is located at Career One Stop

Wisconsin AHEC Health Careers Information Center provides the most current salary information available from CareerOneStop. CareerOneStop will have a lapse between when the information is gathered and when it is released.

  • Phlebotomy technicians work 35 to 40 hours a week.
  • Can work shifts that include night time hours, weekends, and holidays.
  • Advancement opportunities for phlebotomy technicians are limited to higher pay with experience until they receive additional training.
  • Certification as a Donor Phlebotomy Technician (DPT) possible with experience and additional ASCP examination.