Work Activities/Work Locations
- Phlebotomists are trained in the collection of blood specimens by venipuncture, skin puntures, and arterial punctures. Also trained to apply tourniquets, locate veins and insert needles to draw blood.
- Usually supervised by a Medical Technologist.
- Can converse with patients and donors to reduce fear of the procedure, as well as screen blood donors regarding their medications, drug use, and sexual activities.
- Work in hospital laboratories, private laboratories, clinics, large medical offices, outpatient services, or blood banks.
Advantages and Disadvantages
- Enjoy working with people.
- Can worry about contracting blood-borne and infectious diseases.
Education: 1-2 Years
Patient Interaction: Low
Physical Activity: Low
Job Growth: High
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High School Courses
- Students should take a general high school curriculum.
- Helpful high school courses would include anatomy & physiology, math, Health and Fitness, and Medical Terminology.
- Shadowing a Phlebotomist is strongly recommended.
Education and Training
- Technical Diploma/Certificate programs offered at many Technical Colleges.
- Northcentral Technical College (NTC) has an 8-9-credit Technical Certificate program that includes a 100-hour clinical experience. Program is NAACLS accredited.
- Mid-State Technical College (MSTC) affiliated with Marshfield Labs has a Technical Diploma program offered at the Marshfield and Stevens Point campuses. The program is a 14-credit preparatory semester at MSTC including Applied Microsoft Office for Health, Medical Terminology, Lab Techniques, Human Body in Health and Disease, and Medical Law. This is followed by a 3-credit theory course and a 5-credit practicum at area healthcare agencies. NAACLS accredited.
- Many enroll in the Associate Degree (2-yr) Clinical Laboratory Technician and supplement with the Phlebotomy Certificate.
Blackhawk Technical College
Chippewa Valley Technical College
Lakeshore Technical College
Madison Area Technical College
Mid-State Technical College
Milwaukee Area Technical College
Moraine Park Technical College – Fond du Lac
Nicolet Area Technical College
Northcentral Technical College
Northeast Wisconsin Technical College
University of Wisconsin – Marshfield
Waukesha County Technical College
Western Technical College
Affiliated Clinical Laboratory Programs
Method of Entry
- Completion of accredited Phlebotomy program AND successful completion of the American Society of Clinical Pathologist (ASCP) examination.
- To be eligible for the ASCP examination, one must satisfy requirements one of six routes.
- ONE, high school graduation (or equivalent) AND completion of a National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS) approved phlebotomy program within the last 5 years.
- Or TWO, high school graduation (or equivalent) AND completion of an acceptable two-part formal structured phlebotomy program in the US, Canada or a CAP/The Joint Commission (JCAHO) accredited laboratory within the last 5 years. The two-part program, to be arranged by program director, must consist of specific classroom training AND 100 clock hours of specific lab experience.
- Or THREE, high school graduation (or equivalent) AND completion of one year full time acceptable experience as a phlebotomy technician in a CLIA regulated lab within the last 5 years. Must have specific procedure experience.
- Or FOUR, high school graduation (or equivalent) AND successful completion of RN, LPN or other allied health professional/occupational education which includes phlebotomy training and orientation in a CLIA regulated, accredited laboratory with a minimum performance of 100 successful unaided blood collections including venipunctures and skin punctures.
- Or FIVE, MT(ASCP) or MLT(ASCP) certification.
- Or SIX, DPT(ASCP) certification AND a minimum performance of 100 successful unaided blood collections including venipunctures and skin punctures.
American Medical Technologists
10700 West Higgins Rd., Suite 150
Rosemont, IL, 60018
American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science (ASCLS)
1861 International Drive, Suite 200
McLean, VA, 22102
American Society for Clinical Pathology
33 West Monroe, Suite 1600
Chicago, IL, 60603
312/541-4999 or 800/267-2727 (ASCP)
National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences
5600 N. River Rd., Suite 720
Rosemont, IL, 60018-5119
773/714-8880 or 847/939-3597
Number Employed in 2014 (Wisconsin): 2,280
Number Employed in 2014 (U.S.): 591,300
Expected Employment in 2024 (U.S.): 730,200
Percent Employment Growth (2014-2024): 24%
Expected Annual Openings: 26,210
Median Salary in 2014 (Wisconsin): $30,983
Salary information is located at Career One Stop
Wisconsin AHEC Health Careers Information Center provides the most current salary information available from CareerOneStop. CareerOneStop will have a lapse between when the information is gathered and when it is released.
- Phlebotomy technicians work 35 to 40 hours a week.
- Can work shifts that include night time hours, weekends, and holidays.
- Advancement opportunities for phlebotomy technicians are limited to higher pay with experience until they receive additional training.
- Certification as a Donor Phlebotomy Technician (DPT) possible with experience and additional ASCP examination.